A-Ha! German Oven Settings


Oven Setting, GermanyJa.com

Seriously?!? Can an oven give you culture shock?!? It was the first time I went to put a pizza in our German TLA oven. Two knobs. I need translation for both!

The first one was expected. I know that the USA is one of the last holdouts still using Fahrenheit instead of Celsius. (Interesting irony: Fahrenheit gets its name from physicist, Daniel Fahrenheit, who was, you guessed it, German!) Here is a quick conversion table for cooking temps:

Celsius  Fahrenheit

100 . . . . . . . .  212
110. . . . . . . . 230
120. . . . . . . . 248
130. . . . . . . . 266
140. . . . . . . . 284
150. . . . . . . . 302
160. . . . . . . . 320
170. . . . . . . . 338
180. . . . . . . . 356
190. . . . . . . . 374
200. . . . . . . . 392
210. . . . . . . . 410

Okay, the pizza should go in somewhere between 200 and 210 C. Set that knob, now for the other. This is where it gets a little more interesting. It’s not just warm, bake, broil and oven cleaner.

Some ovens have pictures some have words. I’ll try to break them all down for you:

Beleuchtung (picture looks like a light bulb) = Lighting
This will light your oven and will continue to function when you turn to other settings.

Umluft (picture looks like a fan)= Convection

This is a feature that is slowly catching on in the States, but is standard here. It uses a fan to more efficiently carry the heat. Your cooking time may be reduced when using this setting. Some ovens offer convection in combination with other settings too. This is a great general setting.

Turbo Raumgrill (picture looks like the grill setting with a fan) = Turbo grill chamber
In this setting, the heating element, grill element, and convection fan are all on.

Infrarot Grill (Looks like a zig zag) = Infrared grill

Similar to broil, heat is from the top, door must be open.

Infrarot flachengrill (looks like two zig zags) = Infrared Flat Grill
More intense than Infrarot Grill, door must be open.

Oven Settings, GermanyJa.com

Oberhitze (A box with an extra line on the top) = Top heat

Top heating element is on. Suggested for flash browning at the end of cooking.

Unterhitze (A box with an extra line on the bottom) = Bottom heat
Lower heating element is on. Suggested for pizza and anything where you want a crispy bottom crust.

Oberhitze Unterhitze (A box with two extra lines, one on top, one on bottom)= Over/Under heat

Good for baking pastries.

Auftaustufe (looks like a snowflake and water drop) = Oven Defrost
The fan is on but the heat is not on.

Depending on the oven, there maybe more settings, but these cover the basics.

A-Ha! Better culture shock from an oven than electric shock I guess!

Thanks to members of the GermanyJa.com Q & A Forum on facebook for help with this article! Are you a member?

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  • April 2, 2013

    wow ! so helpful…I’ve just been guessing.

  • October 31, 2014

    Lived in Germany nearly 7 years and have been using my current oven for over 4 and I did not know most of that, so thank you.

    Julie Phillips
  • November 21, 2014

    Thank you for this helpful article! As another commenter said, “I’ve just been guessing.” Therefore, many of my baking experiences here have ended in tears and sunken cakes or underdone dinners. I’m also glad to know I’m not the only one!

    Jennifer W